Artwork of the Week: July 20

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Persia, Gurgan (modern Iran), Bowl, glazed earthenware with enamel decoration, 13th century. Diam of rim: 8 11/16 in. Gallery 23A

The rapid spread of Islam after its establishment in the 7th century unified a vast region from India to Spain, and brought stability to the administrative disarray left by the fall of the Roman and Sasanian empires. With this new peace, trade expanded, crisscrossing the Islamic world and beyond. Potters and other artists also traveled, absorbing influences and influencing others. In addition, the Mongol invasion of Iran in the 13th century led to the adoption of many motifs from Chinese art, as exemplified by this Persian bowl.

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