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Gerrit Thomas Rietveld (Dutch, 1888–1964), Red/blue Chair, ebonized and painted pine, designed 1918; made between 1946–56. 34 7/8 x 23 5/8 x 29 3/4 in. Gallery 3
Gerrit Rietveld considered himself a furniture maker, but he would later also become recognized as an innovative architect. As a member of the Dutch artists’ group De Stijl (The Style), Rietveld embraced the purity of form alongside artists such as Piet Mondrian. In De Stijl, artists utilized primary colors and black and white along with straight lines and right angles to create a pure aesthetic; all of these elements can be seen in the design of this chair. Made a few years before Mondrian’s Composition with Red, Yellow, and Blue (1922) also in TMA’s collection, Red/blue Chair predicted the austerity of Mondrian’s future work.
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