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A: 376 panels. Each segment is made of two 3/8-inch panels laminated together for a total thickness of ¾ inch.
A: The furnaces that actually melt glass into its molten form run continuously. They are turned off only for maintenance purposes.
A: There are several methods in place to ensure that the furnace heat does not affect the rest of the building. First, a hood is located around the furnaces to direct most of the heat out through the roof. Airflow through the hood captures and exhausts the heat. The glass blowing studios are also equipped with heat recovery coils embedded in the floors that absorb heat from the furnaces and return it to the radiant heating system within the building cavities. Finally, conditioned air from the galleries is directed into the hot shops to help control temperatures. The space between the panels of glass acts as an effective insulator.
A: Other buildings with primarily glass facades generally need to be cleaned twice a year. At the Glass Pavilion, this can be accomplished by simply using a squeegee and cleaning solution; a relatively uncomplicated process because the building is only 15 feet tall. Interior glass surfaces are also cleaned whenever necessary; the process is no more difficult than washing glass doors or windows in a standard house.
A: A shading system is installed in the building that uses light-screening curtains that result in the reduction of light in needed areas. Due to the patterns followed by sunlight throughout the year, these curtains need to be adjusted only seasonally.
A: No. The laminate layer between the two glass panels serves as a UV filter, so an additional UV coating of the structural glass is not necessary.
A: The Glass Pavilion wiring and HVAC ducts are routed through the floors and ceiling of the building, as well as within the opaque dry-walled sections of the first floor. The basement-level systems are installed using standard construction methods. The physical plant is housed in the Pavilion basement and in a building nearby.
A: The roof of the building was specifically designed to accommodate heavy rain and snowfall. Although the roof appears flat, it is actually a series of inverted pyramids. Each directs water to a drainpipe, which in turn directs the water into the building’s main drainage system.