Strategically located in the fertile Jezreel Valley in Israel's Galilee, the site of Jezreel has been occupied almost continuously from the late Neolithic period (ca. 6000 BCE) to the present, including a large, well-preserved winery complex in use from the Iron Age to the early Roman period (ca. 9th century BCE-1st century CE). This presentation will describe ancient wine-making technology and wine's economic and cultural significance in the region. This lecture is presented by the Archaeological Institute of America—Toledo Society and the Toledo Museum of Art.