In AD 79, a sprawling seaside villa known today as Villa A was buried, along with Pompeii and Herculaneum, in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius. Some scholars think that this villa belonged to the family of Poppaea, the Emperor Nero’s second wife. It is one of the largest and most lavishly decorated Roman villas to have survived. Since 2006, the murals, marble sculptures, inlaid marble floors, architecture, and formal gardens have been restudied and are now being published. This talk will focus on the outstanding artworks of Villa A in relation to their architectural settings and will show how they framed the social life of Rome’s wealthiest citizens during the late Republic and early Empire. This lecture is presented by the Archaeological Institute of America—Toledo Society and the Toledo Museum of Art.