Archaeologists are depicted as searching for lost cities and mystical artifacts in news reports, television, video games, and movies like Raiders of the Lost Ark or The Mummy. This fantastical image has little to do with day-to-day science, yet it is deeply connected to why people are fascinated by the ancient past. Exploring the development of archaeology helps us understand what archaeology is and why it matters. Dr. Jeb Card is an Assistant Teaching Professor of Anthropology at Miami University. The lecture is co-sponsored by the Archaeological Institute of America-Toledo Society.